As a child, Valerie Thomas became fascinated with the mysteries of technology, tinkering with electronics with
her father and reading books on electronics written for adolescent boys.

The likelihood of her enjoying a career in science seemed bleak, as her all-girls high school did not push her to
take advanced...

The owner and originator of all information are gathered from various sources and most artists of each photograph are unknown.
All credit belongs to the original author and/or artist.
Blacks Bill of Sale
OUR Bill of Sale
Black Inventions
1) Ms. Sarah Boone - Ironing Board
2) Mr. Jan E. Matzelinger - Shoe lasting machine
3) Mr. William Purvis - Fountain Pen
4) Lee Burridge - Type writing machine
5) W.A. Lovette - Advanced printing press
6) Mr. Richard Spikes - Automatic gear shift
7) Joseph Gammel - Supercharge system for internal combustion engines
8) Mr. Garrett A. Morgan - Traffic lights
9) Mr. Lewis Howard Lattimer - Filament within the light bulb
10) Dr. Charles Drew -  Found a way to preserve and store blood AND he started the worlds 1st blood bank
11) Dr. Daniel Hale Williams - Performed the 1st open heart surgery

Invisible Black Man
Dr. Mark Dean
"America's High Tech "Invisible Man"
By Tyrone D. Taborn

You may not have heard of Dr. Mark Dean. And you aren't alone. But almost everything in your life has been
affected by his work.  See, Dr. Mark Dean is a Ph.D. from Stanford University. He is in the National Hall of
Inventors. He has more than 30 patents pending. He is a vice president with IBM. Oh, yeah. And he is also the
architect of the modern-day personal computer. Dr. Dean holds three of the original nine patents on the
computer that all PCs are based upon. And, Dr. Mark Dean is an African American.

So how is it that we can celebrate the 20th anniversary of the IBM personal computer without reading or
hearing a single word about him? Given all of the pressure mass media are under about negative portrayals of
African Americans on television and in print, you would think it would be a slam dunk to highlight someone like
Dr. Dean.

Somehow, though, we have managed to miss the shot. History is cruel when it comes to telling the stories of
African Americans. Dr. Dean isn't the first Black inventor to be overlooked.

  • Consider John Stanard, inventor of the refrigerator,
  • George Sampson, creator of the clothes dryer,
  • Alexander Miles and his elevator,
  • Lewis Latimer and the electric lamp.

All of these inventors share two things:
                 One, they changed the landscape of our society; and, two, society relegated them to the
                 footnotes of history. Hopefully, Dr. Mark Dean won't go away as quietly as they did. He
                 certainly shouldn't. Dr. Dean helped start a Digital Revolution that created people like
                 Microsoft's Bill Gates and Dell Computer's Michael Dell. Millions of jobs in information
                 technology can be traced back directly to Dr. Dean.

                 More important, stories like Dr. Mark Dean's should serve as inspiration for
                 African-American children.  Already victims of the "Digital Divide" and failing school
                 systems, young, Black kids might embrace technology with more enthusiasm if they knew
                 someone like Dr. Dean already was leading the way.

Although technically Dr. Dean can't be credited with creating the computer -- that is left to Alan Turing, a
pioneering 20th-century English mathematician, widely considered to be the father of modern computer science
-- Dr. Dean rightly deserves to take a bow for the machine we use today. The computer really wasn't practical
for home or small business use until he came along, leading a team that developed the interior architecture
(ISA systems bus) that enables multiple devices, such as modems and printers, to be connected to personal

                         In other words, because of Dr. Dean, the PC became a part of our daily lives.  For most
                         of us, changing the face of society would have been enough. But not for Dr. Dean. Still
                         in his early forties, he has a lot of inventing left in him.

                         He recently made history again by leading the design team responsible for creating the
                         first 1-gigahertz processor chip. It's just another huge step in making computers faster and
smaller. As the world congratulates itself for the new Digital Age brought on by the personal computer, we
need to guarantee that the African-American story is part of the hoopla surrounding the most stunning
technological advance the world has ever seen. We cannot afford to let Dr. Mark Dean become a footnote in
history. He is well worth his own history book.

This knowledge should be shared of what "Black", "African Americans" or Americans of African descent can
Life Without Black People
A very humorous and revealing story is told about a group of white people who were fed up with African
American, so they joined together and wished themselves away.

                         They passed through a deep dark tunnel and emerged in sort of a twilight zone where
                         there is an America without black people.

                         At first these white people breathed a sigh of relief.

                         At last, they said, No more crime, drugs, violence and welfare.
All of the blacks have gone! Then suddenly, reality set in. The "NEW AMERICA" is not America at all - only a
barren land.

  1. There are very few crops that have flourished because the nation was built on a slave supported system.
  2. There are no cities with tall skyscrapers because Alexander Mils, a black man, invented the elevator,
    and without it, on finds great difficulty reaching higher floors.
  3. There are few if any cars because Richard Spikes, a black man, invented the automatic gearshift, Joseph
    Gambol, also black, invented the Super Charge System for Internal Combustion Engines, and Garrett A.
    Morgan, a black man, invented the traffic signals.
  4. Furthermore, one could not use the rapid transit system because its procurer was the electric trolley,
    which was invented by another black man, Albert R. Robinson.
  5. Even if there were streets on which cars and a rapid transit system could operate, they are cluttered with
    paper because an African American, Charles Brooks, invented the street sweeper.
  6. There were few if any newspapers, magazines and books because John Love invented the pencil
    sharpener, William Purveys invented the fountain pen, and Lee Barrage invented the Type Writing
    Machine and W. A. Love invented the Advanced Printing Press. They were all, you guessed it, Black
  7. Even if Americans could write their letters, articles and books, they would nto have been transported by
    mail because William Barry invented the Postmarking and Canceling Machine, William Purveys invented
    the Hand Stamp and Philip Sowning invented the Letter Drop.
  8. The lawns were brown and wilted because Joseph Smith invented the Lawn Sprinkler and John Burr the
    Lawn Mower.
  9. When they entered their homes, they found them to be poorly ventilated and poorly heated. You see,
    Frederick Jones invented the Air Conditioner and Alice Parker the Heating Furnace. Their homes were
    also dim. But of course, Lewis Lattimer later invented the Electric Lamp, Michael Harvey invented the
    Lantern and Granville T. Woods invented the Automatic Cut Off Switch. Their homes were also filthy
    because Thomas W. Stewared invented the Mop & Lloyd P. Ray the Dust Pan.
  10. Their children met them at the door-barefooted, shabby, motley and unkempt. But what could one
    expect? Jan E. Matzelinger invented the Shoe Lasting Machine, Walter Sammons invented the Comb,
    Sarah Boone invented ti Ironing Board and George T. Samon invented the Clothes Dryer.
  11. Finally, they were resigned to at least have dinner amidst all of this turmoil. But here again, the food had
    spoiled because another Black Man, John Standard invented the refrigerator.

Now, isn't that something? What would this country be like without the contributions of Blacks, as African-

                                         Martin Luther King, Jr. said, "By the time we leave for work, Americans
                                         have depended on the inventions from the minds of Blacks."
Dr. Martin Luther King’s speech,
"I have a Dream"

Dr. Martin Luther King’s speech,
"I have a Dream"

Black History
Valerie Thomas

Many years before "black pride" became a popular slogan, a small group of black American soldiers gave life
and meaning to those words.

This is their story...

The Triple Nickels
Test Platoon - First 16  qualified black paratroopers (1944)  Enlisted men of the Test Platoon.
Front Row from L-R: First Sgt. Walter Morris, first black enlisted man accepted for airborne duty
• Sgt. Jack D. Tillis • Sgt. Leo D. Reed  • Sgt Daniel Weil *S. Sgt. Hubert Bridges
• Tech. Grade IV Alvin L. Moon • Sgt. Ned D. Bess • Sgt. Roger S. Walden
Back Row from L-R • Cpl. McKinley Godfrey, Jr. • Sgt. Elijah Wesby • Sgt. Samuel W. Robinson
• S. Sgt. Calvin R. Beal • S. Sgt Robert F. Greene • S. Sgt. Lonnie M. Duke • Sgt. Clarence H. Beavers
and  Sgt. James E. Kornegay.
Not Shown Carstell O. Stewart, the seventeenth, who was on emergency leave and earned his wings a week later.
All Black Parachute Platoon
The 555th Parachute Infantry Battalion - 1944 - 1947  during WWII
Black History Links:  Link 1  |  Link 2  |  Link 3
Black History Links:  Link 1  |  Link 2  |  Link 3
Barack Obama, Larry Doby, Alex Burl and more!!!
The owner and originator of all information are gathered from various sources and most artists of each photograph are unknown.
All credit belongs to the original author and/or artist.